Due to the todayís rising population, contraception is often instituted by health experts and government leaders to prevent overpopulation and difficult allocation of a countryís resources. Birth spacing is encouraged so that maternal health will not be compromised.
Although it can depend on socioeconomic status and preexisting conditions, married couples now have the choice of when they can finally have kids. If they lack sufficient funds, having children would have to come later.
This also provides the benefit of women being able to prioritize other things until they finally decide to have a child when they get married. Planned pregnancies ensure safer childbirths and healthier neonates.
Birth control pills, hormonal shots (e.g. Depo Provera), skin patch and the vaginal ring are example of hormonal methods of preventing pregnancy. Birth control pills are effective when taken at the same time each day. While hormonal shots are given every three months and are cost-effective. They provide the advantage of protecting from pregnancy without having to remember taking a pill.
The skin patch provides the same benefit as the hormonal shots but increases efficacy when it is placed on the skin for easier absorption. It releases estrogen and progestin for 7 days. A patch can be used for a week for the next three weeks. After the third week, menstrual bleeding occurs.
The latest breakthrough in hormonal methods is the vaginal ring. It contains both progestin and estrogen, which prevents ovulation. These hormones are immediately released when the ring is placed in the vagina. Hormonal methods, when done correctly, can have a pregnancy prevention rate of 98% with a 2% failure rate.
The Intrauterine Device is placed into your uterus to prevent conception. The intrauterine device can be made out of copper or hormones which are immediately released when placed in the uterus. A string hangs down in the vagina, to ensure that the intrauterine device is put into place.
Male condoms and diaphragms are best examples of barrier methods. Barrier methods prevent the sperm from reaching the uterus. The male condom is rolled into an erect penis and extra space is allotted from collection of sperm upon ejaculation. Sometimes a male condom can be lubricated with a spermicidal agent for extra protection. A diaphragm is inserted into the vagina and covers the cervix to prevent the sperm from reaching the uterus. It is made out of rubber and is used with spermicidal agents for extra protection.
Popularly marketed as Plan B, it prevents conception when this emergency contraception pill is tae with 72 hours. This is beneficial to women who have had unprotected sex and do not have plans yet to have children.
This method is the oldest method used by married couples. It requires a woman to count her menstrual cycle. In a 28 day cycle, the 14th day is where the woman gets her period. 5 days after her period, she starts ovulating and therefore it is advised to use a barrier method during ìunsafeî days. This is not proven effective because womenís menstrual cycles may vary. Some can have a cycle of 40 days while some as short as 20 days.