Different Methods Of Contraceptives Commonly Used Among Women

Due to the todayís rising population, contraception is often instituted by health experts and government leaders to prevent overpopulation and difficult allocation of a countryís resources. Birth spacing is encouraged so that maternal health will not be compromised.
Although it can depend on socioeconomic status and preexisting conditions, married couples now have the choice of when they can finally have kids. If they lack sufficient funds, having children would have to come later.

This also provides the benefit of women being able to prioritize other things until they finally decide to have a child when they get married. Planned pregnancies ensure safer childbirths and healthier neonates.

Hormonal Methods

Birth control pills, hormonal shots (e.g. Depo Provera), skin patch and the vaginal ring are example of hormonal methods of preventing pregnancy. Birth control pills are effective when taken at the same time each day. While hormonal shots are given every three months and are cost-effective. They provide the advantage of protecting from pregnancy without having to remember taking a pill.

The skin patch provides the same benefit as the hormonal shots but increases efficacy when it is placed on the skin for easier absorption. It releases estrogen and progestin for 7 days. A patch can be used for a week for the next three weeks. After the third week, menstrual bleeding occurs.

The latest breakthrough in hormonal methods is the vaginal ring. It contains both progestin and estrogen, which prevents ovulation. These hormones are immediately released when the ring is placed in the vagina. Hormonal methods, when done correctly, can have a pregnancy prevention rate of 98% with a 2% failure rate.

Intrauterine Devices

The Intrauterine Device is placed into your uterus to prevent conception. The intrauterine device can be made out of copper or hormones which are immediately released when placed in the uterus. A string hangs down in the vagina, to ensure that the intrauterine device is put into place.

Barrier Methods

Male condoms and diaphragms are best examples of barrier methods. Barrier methods prevent the sperm from reaching the uterus. The male condom is rolled into an erect penis and extra space is allotted from collection of sperm upon ejaculation. Sometimes a male condom can be lubricated with a spermicidal agent for extra protection. A diaphragm is inserted into the vagina and covers the cervix to prevent the sperm from reaching the uterus. It is made out of rubber and is used with spermicidal agents for extra protection.

Emergency Contraception

Popularly marketed as Plan B, it prevents conception when this emergency contraception pill is tae with 72 hours. This is beneficial to women who have had unprotected sex and do not have plans yet to have children.

Calendar Method

This method is the oldest method used by married couples. It requires a woman to count her menstrual cycle. In a 28 day cycle, the 14th day is where the woman gets her period. 5 days after her period, she starts ovulating and therefore it is advised to use a barrier method during ìunsafeî days. This is not proven effective because womenís menstrual cycles may vary. Some can have a cycle of 40 days while some as short as 20 days.

Factors To Consider When Choosing A Method Of Contraception

Whether you are a single or a married woman, you have the freedom to choose to use contraceptives or not. Most contraceptives require a doctorís prescription and are classified according to function. Contraceptives are effective depending on how it is religiously used.
A contraceptive gives the couple a chance to prepare themselves emotionally and financially before they finally decide to have children. They also prevent unwanted pregnancies and promote optimum maternal health. Since unwanted pregnancies lack preparation, they often compromise the health of both the mother and the newborn.

But using contraceptives is also a major decision. You have to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of each method of birth control. It is through weighing in pros and cons that you choose the best birth control for you.

Personal Preference

One major factor to consider is your personal preference. Some find barrier methods such as the IUD uncomfortable. Some may experience dissatisfaction in using condoms because of its decreased sensation. Assess your needs to find which contraceptive fits best for your lifestyle. If you are a married woman, try to have a one on one talk with your husband. Your husband plays an essential role when it comes to making this major decision. It is best that both of your decisions meet halfway and can also compromise with your personal preference.

Budget And Cost

Most contraceptives can be costly, especially when they are prescribed by a doctor. In order to obtain a doctorís prescription, you must have a routine checkup. This is to monitor any health conditions that might affect the method of contraception. If your budget cannot fit into getting a doctorís prescription, try cheaper alternatives such as a condom. Condoms are available in drugstores and do not need a prescription. Try to check with your health insurance if they cover doctorís services and prescription for contraception.

Whether Itíd Be Temporary Or Permanent

If you have been contemplating on having kids in the near future, choose a method of contraception that can be reversible. Cessation of birth control pills restores your menstrual cycle at a maximum of two weeks. Barrier methods resume fertility once it is removed. But if you and your husband are considering permanent contraception such as tubal ligation, both of you must be absolutely sure that you do not want any more children.

Current Health Conditions

If you have current cardiovascular problems, then hormonal methods such birth control pills may not be the right contraceptive for you. Estrogen and ethylestradiol, the main components of the combination pill, can increase the risk of developing blood clots. This risk doubles when you are a chain smoker.

Condoms may not be the contraception of choice when you have an allergy to latex and spermicidal agents. Hormonal shots such as Depo Provera are not advised for women for have a history of irregular bleeding. IUDs may not be advised for women who have a history of endometriosis. It is advised to get checked by a doctor before using any of these contraceptives.