You should be aware that mold can be a serious problem at home. It can cause health problems and, in very severe cases, even death. It is therefore important for you to know as much as you can about this threat. Find out what causes it, what its effects are and how to prevent its growth. Only by properly educating yourself can you take the right steps to take care of your family at all times and help prevent them from being seriously affected by mold.
What is Mold?
Mold is a kind of fungus that can grow into multicellular filaments. There are many types of mold and it is important to note that there is always a certain amount of mold that can be found in the air or inside our homes. It only becomes a problem when certain types of mold that can cause serious harm infest your home or the mold infestation reaches a certain point. Some types of mold are used for specific purposes. There is evidence that exposure to some types of mold can cause health problems. Evidence points out that mold exposure can cause neurological problems and in extreme cases even death. Other negative effects of exposure to mold would include asthma, allergic reactions and problems with the respiratory system.
Controlling Mold Growth
It is important to take note that it would be virtually impossible to eliminate all mold inside your home. No matter how much you clean up your home, some mold will still manage to get through. There is absolutely no way that you will be able to eliminate the presence of mold. But there are many things that you can do which will reduce the risks of being exposed.
You have to accept that mold is part of the natural environment. Finding it inside your home is not surprising. In the outdoors, the presence of mold is even more crucial. It plays an important part on the way that nature works. Molds can reproduce through tiny spores. These spores are small that you would not see them without the aid of a microscope. These miniscule pores can be carried away in the air. Moisture is the most important factor that can fuel mold growth. When mold spores land on surfaces inside your house that are wet, they can thrive and you are sure to have a mold infestation in your place.
We have mentioned that eliminating all traces of mold indoors would be an impossible task. That can only be done in a very controlled environment where even the air is going to be filtered. But even if you can do that to your home, there is no real point in doing so. The thing to aim for is to avoid the infestation inside which would reach the level where the mold growth can cause health problems. Mold thrives on moisture and if you take out moisture inside your home then there would be no way that mold can infest it.
Ways of Controlling Mold
There are several ways that you can control mold in your home. But the focus of those steps is to control the presence of moisture. We have enumerated here several steps that you can take on how you can control mold.
Leaks and Seepage
We have mentioned that moisture is the biggest factor for mold growth inside your home. One of the main sources of moisture would be leaks and seepage. You should move in right away and fix any leaks and seepage that you might find inside your place. If the problem is water seepage that’s coming from the outside, then the measures that you need to take are going to be more expensive and extensive. That might include excavations, landscaping and even waterproofing.
The problem with leaks is that they might happen in areas that are not exposed. So you might not realize that there is a leak until it’s too late. What you should do is to conduct regular inspections and checks on the possible areas where there might be some leaks.
Exhaust in Bathrooms
You might be wondering about what you should do in areas that are meant to have moisture. These areas would include the bathroom and your kitchen. What can you do then about the moisture in those spaces to prevent the mold growth? The best that you can do is to place an exhaust fan there. The fan would get rid of the extra moisture inside before it ends up in the surfaces there. With your clothes drier you should vent it on the outside, so the moisture does not end up inside your house.
ACs and Dehumidifiers
Do you live in a hot climate? If you do then the moisture problem there can be more acute. You should use AC and dehumidifier in your house, so you can reduce the amount of moisture that can be found in the air. But you have to make sure that your AC and your dehumidifier will be well-maintained or they might end up being sources of biological hazards in their turn.
Carpets and Concrete Floors
Do you have a concrete floor at home and you use a carpet over it? Then you should pay special attention to it. Carpets can absorb a great deal of moisture. It would be better if you are going to use area rugs which would be easier to take up and wash. Think about a vapour barrier if you are going to use a carpet. The barrier is made up of plastic and can be used for preventing the build-up of moisture which could lead to mold growth.
Cleaning Mold in Your House
We have given you steps on how you can prevent the growth of mold in your house. But what would you do in case there is mold growth in your home already? We have listed here some of the easier steps that you can take for cleaning mold inside your house.
Using borax is one of the best ways that you can use in order to clean the mold. You can buy this item at the grocery and is very affordable. It should work with most of the surfaces at home. Before you should start cleaning with borax you should vacuum the area to be cleaned first. You should mix one tablespoon of borax and mix it with a gallon of water. Using a brush dipped into the solution you can scrub away the mold. Wipe it away but don’t wash away the solution.
Another household material that you can use for cleaning away the mold would be detergent. It works best on non-porous surfaces only such as tiles and glass. All you have to do is to mix the detergent with water so you can come up with a solution. Use that solution for washing away the mold.
It is important to remember that dealing with mold would depend on the climate that you live in. The steps you need to take if you live in a cold climate would be different from what you should do if you live in a humid area. Thus, you need to do more research.